A home loan is a kind of loan that is used to buy or refinance real estate. The collateral for the loan is the property, and the lender has a claim on it until the debt is fully repaid. The value of the collateral, the borrower's credit history, and their ability to repay the loan are taken into account when determining the loan amount. Home loans often feature a fixed or adjustable interest rate and a lengthy payback duration, ranging from 15 to 30 years. The loan is repaid during the course of the loan in equal monthly payments that cover both the principal and interest.Due to their ability to spread out the payment of a substantial expense over a long period of time, home loans are a common choice for those wishing to buy or refinance a property.